Cinematography Modules

What does a cinematographer do?

Cinematographer or director of photography (shortened to DP or DoP) is the crew chief that presides over the camera and light crews on a film or video production. They usually get involved throughout the entire production lifecycle and liaise closely with the director to create the images you see onscreen.

So what exactly does a cinematographer do?
  • Dissect the screenplay.
  • Research film techniques and cinematic techniques that relate to the subject matter and elicit the intended emotional responses from an audience.
  • Creates shot lists, floor plans, and lighting diagrams
  • Manages the camera and light crews.
  • Make decisions about cinematic elements such as lenses, filters, lights, and other camera/lighting requirements.
  • Responsible for making decisions about aspect ratio, digital effects, image contrast, and frame rates.
  • Make decisions about camera movements and film lighting techniques to prompt a specific emotional response from an audience.
  • Often liaises with the director and colorist during the color-grading phase on a project.

Elements of Cinematography

  1. ISO

  2. Aperture

  3. Shutter speed and frame rate

  1. Rules of Shot Composition.
  2. The Rule of Thirds.
  3. Balance and Symmetry.
  4. Leading Lines.
  5. Eye-Level Framing.
  6. Depth of Field.
  7. Deep Space Composition.
Camera Movement
  1. Pan

  2. Tilt

  3. Zoom

  4. Tracking shot

  5. Dolly shot

  6. Following shot

  7. Pedestal

Camera Angles
  1. Extreme long shot

  2. Long shot

  3. Mid-shot or medium shot

  4. Close-up

  5. Extreme close-up

  6. High-angle

  7. Low angle

  1. Color temperature
  2. White balance
  3. Color contrast
  4. Saturation

Fimmaking modules:

Stages of Film making:

  • Preproduction 
  • Production 
  • Post- production
  • Marketing/Distribution